Authors: George Coca1, Mihai Berteanu2, Florina-Andreea Pașcu3
1 “Spiru Haret” University – Faculty of Juridical and Administrative Sciences Bucharest, Permanent lawyer Bar of Bucharest
2 “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
3 “Babeș-Bolyai” University of Cluj-Napoca, Permanent lawyer Bar of Bucharest
The premises for adopting Decree no. 195 of March 16, 2020 regarding the establishment of the state of emergency on Romanian territory were the evolution of the epidemiological situation in Romania and the assessment of public health risks for the next period. This indicated a massive increase in the number of people infected with the SARS-CoV coronavirus 2, and considering the fact that failure to take urgent, exceptional social and economic measures to limit the infection with SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus among the population would have had a particularly serious impact, mainly on the right to live, and, alternatively, on the individuals’ right to health.
Key words: epidemiological situation, public health, presidential decree, execution of sentences.