Authors: Mihaela Indrieș, Laura Bochiș
Department of Science of Education, Faculty of Social-Humanistic Sciences, University of Oradea, Romania
All authors have equal contributions to this study
Background. School evaluation is an important component of the educational process in educational institutions in Romania, but little is known about the influences of academic performances and test anxiety on the anxiety in sports played by primary school pupils.
Aims. The objective of the study is to identify the level of anxiety in sports and the level of test anxiety in primary school pupils. At the same time, the study aims to highlight the influences of the academic performances of the students in three of the educational disciplines, and of test anxiety on anxiety in sports played by the pupils.
Methods. Subjects (N = 65) are 4th and 3rd grade students aged 9 to 10/11. The tools used are the Sport Anxiety Scale-2 (SAS-2, 15 items), developed by Benson & Wren in 2004 and the Children’s Test Anxiety Scale (CTAS, 30 items), developed by Smith et al. in 2006.
Results. The results obtained in the Sport Anxiety Scale for the whole group of students included in the study, in the total score of the scale, indicate an average level of anxiety in sports (m=25.206, s.d=8.277). Similar results in the Children’s Test Anxiety Scale are obtained: above average levels (m=2.033; s.d=0.4558) for the whole group of subjects, in the global score of the scale. At the same time, the results obtained from the Pearson correlation indicate a direct or positive relationship between sport anxiety and test anxiety (r=.721, p <0.001; r2=.519, indicating a very strong effect size) and a negative association relationship with the academic performances of the students in the disciplines of Romanian language and literature r(63)=- 0.426, p <0.001, and sport, r(63)=- 0.426, p <0.001, but not mathematics.
Conclusions. The obtained results confirm the hypothesis of the study: anxiety in sports is influenced by test anxiety and the academic performances of the students. Thus, students with higher levels of anxiety in sport will have higher levels in test anxiety and lower school performance in the disciplines of Romanian language and literature, and in sport.
Key words: sport anxiety, test anxiety, correlation study, primary school, pupils.