The special educational needs of children from the social protection system and the usefulness of focus groups in educational programs

Authors: Corina Budin1,2, Ruxandra Râjnoveanu1, Ana Chiș1, Ioana Roxana Bordea3, Tamas Bota4, Doina Adina Todea1

Affiliation
1 Department of Pneumology, “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2 Clinical County Hospital Targu Mures, Pneumology, Romania
3 “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Oral Rehabilitation, Oral Health and Dental Office Management, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
4 Emergency County Hospital Targu Mures, Romania

* All authors have equal contributions to this study

Abstract
Background. Due to their particular social status, institutionalized minors have been permanently deprived of the same opportunities of children in the general population. The poor socio-economic conditions of their natal family and/or the family in which they grew up lead them to drop out of school and to start a job that consists mainly of physical labor.
Aims. The aim of this study was to select a group of foster care teenagers able to correctly disseminate the information about smoking among their colleagues.
Methods. During the years 2016-2017, we developed an educational project for minors institutionalized in the Professional Maternal Assistance System.
Results. The rural area group consisted of 114 children, with a mean age of 16 years (45% male, 55% female). The urban area group consisted of 198 children with a mean age of 16.8 years (39% male, 61% female). Smokers were represented by 26% in the rural area group and 33% in the urban area group.
Conclusions. The “focus group” sought to achieve the goal and the initial objectives, but not through a monologue action to which the adherence of youngsters was statistically proven to be low, but by an active involvement of the students through which they systematically became the trainers of their colleagues, were responsible, prepared, accumulated experience and information in a collegial manner that would give all those involved an interactive experience with beneficial effects both in the near future and for the long term. The poll unanimously expressed a positive response to the fact that the information was sent to them by lecturers of their own age, and not adults, so they felt free to respond freely to the questions asked.

Key words: smoking, focus group, foster care, youth.

05%20-%20bordea%20-%20%20%20%2057-61

The special educational needs of children from the social protection system and the usefulness of focus groups in educational programs

https://doi.org/10.26659/pm3.2019.20.1.4