Study on locomotor skills development with practical polygon in children aged 11 to 12

Authors: Daniel-Andrei Popa, Loredana-Maria Conțiu, Dana Badau

Affiliation
Department M2, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology, Targu Mures, Romania

Abstract
Background. Movements such as walking, running, leaping, jumping, skipping, climbing and crawling are generally considered to be fundamental locomotor skills.
Aims. The aim of this research is to highlight the efficiency of using practical routes to develop the locomotor skills in children aged 11 to 12.
Methods. The research comprised a total of 50 students from “Mihai Viteazul” School, Targu-Mures, who were divided into two equal groups: Group I – students who developed locomotor skills with practical routes selected and implemented in the didactic process, and Group II – students who developed locomotor skills by specific methods of physical education repeated in isolation. The travel time (minutes and seconds) of two practical routes: route A consisting of 12 stations and route B consisting of 11 stations, and the technical level of the following motor skills: balance, jumping, crawling and climbing were registered.
Results. Regarding the execution of the practical route A, Group I registered 2.11 and Group II 2.16. Group I recorded higher values in the technical skills assessment test compared to group II, the differences being: 0.560 balance, 0.200 jumping, 0.360 crawling, 0.400 climbing. Regarding the execution of the practical route B, Group I registered 1.54 and Group II 2.05. Group I recorded higher values in the technical skills assessment test compared to group II, the differences being: 0.640 balance, 0.200 jumping, 0.360 crawling, 0.200 climbing. In all tests, the values registered were superior to the standard ones, being statistically significant for p<0.0001.
Conclusions. The findings confirm the hypothesis: by using the practical routes in physical education classes, the level of locomotor skills will be optimized.

Key words: physical education, motor skills, locomotion, children.

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Study on locomotor skills development with practical polygon in children aged 11 to 12

https://doi.org/10.26659/pm3.2019.20.1.5