Authors: Rodica Trăistaru1, Diana Kamal2, Kamal Constantin Kamal1, Dragoș Alexandru1, Otilia Rogoveanu1
1University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania
2Elga Clinic, Craiova, Romania
Background. Osteoporosis, the most common type of metabolic bone disease, is a public health problem worldwide, affecting more than 200 million people. It is estimated that 30 to 50% of postmenopausal women suffer from it. Prevention and treatment of osteoporosis involves more than simply taking medication. Physical training (weight-bearing, flexibility and balance exercises) and adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D are essential to bone health and vital to avoiding falls and fractures.
Aims. We evaluated in our study the efficacy of a complex rehabilitation program, based on 12 weeks aerobic training, for reducing symptoms and improving the quality of life in elderly females with osteoporosis.
Methods. The study was a randomized controlled trial including two groups of patients (E – study group and C – control group), homogeneous in terms of biographical, clinical and functional features. All patients underwent complete assessment – clinical, imaging and functional.
Results. Clinical and functional parameters had a significant modification (VAS, Up and Go test, and MiniOQLQ – Physical function) in females who performed the rehabilitation program.
Conclusions. The rehabilitation program, based on kinetic measures, mainly aimed at maximizing functional ability and quality of life in females with osteoporosis. Our study is an initiation for the development of an evidence-based practice in the correct rehabilitation of females with osteoporosis.
Key words: osteoporosis, physical training, rehabilitation program