Exercise for the prevention of non-specific chronic low back pain: systematic review

Authors: Miriam Covalschi1, Simona Giurgiuveanu1, Laszlo Irsay1,2



1Department of Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Clinical Hospital, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

2“Iuliu Haţieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania



Low back pain (LBP) is the most common musculoskeletal condition in the general population, affecting almost 80% of individuals during their lifetime. It is also a major public health burden, associated with numerous consequences such as disability, low quality of life, care seeking, work loss, compensation, generating substantial healthcare costs.

The purpose of this article was to determine if exercise therapy (recreational exercises, aerobics, stretching, core strength and stabilization exercises) may prevent the recurrence of non-specific low back pain (NSLBP). A specific program focusing on one area of fitness may not be appropriate, but a multimodal prevention training program integrating major physical activity contents (muscular endurance, strength, stretching and aerobic fitness) seems promising and can be beneficial for NSCLBP. Until now, based on what we know from the literature, prevention of NSCLBP using ET is complex, difficult and remains unclear because there is limited evidence for many aspects of prevention in LBP.


Key words: non-specific chronic low back pain, recurrent low back pain, physical activity, exercise therapy, prevention, rehabilitation.


Exercise for the prevention of non-specific chronic low back pain: systematic review