The relationship between music listening and sports; a brief analysis from the PubMed publications perspective

Authors: Ramona-Niculina Jurcău1, Marie-Caroline Vanheesbeke2, Ioana-Marieta Jurcău3,

Septimiu Ormenișan4


1 Department of Pathophysiology, Medicine Faculty, “Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

2  Graduate student, Medicine Faculty, “Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj- Napoca, Romania

3 Emergency Clinical Hospital for Children, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

4 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, UBB, Cluj-Napoca, Romania


Introduction. Music is useful to reduce the perception of effort and to increase physical performance.

Objectives. The objective was to highlight the interest in the relationship between physical exertion and music listening, by studying the number of publications appearing in PubMed, which cover this subject.

Methods. The obtained information was from the database of the PubMed site. In order to highlight the relationship be­tween music and sport, key words were selected: “music listening AND sport” (ML-SP). The articles were collected from the first year of PubMed publication until the end of 2018. The following filters were analyzed: “Sex”, with sub-filters: “Male” (M), “Female” (F) and “Male+Female” (M+F); “Age”, with sub-filters: 0-18 years, 19-44 years, 45-64 years, >65 years and >80 years. An analysis of the chosen keywords, in relation to the: filters and the total number (N) of publications; sub-filters and the average number of publications per year (N/Y) was made.

Results. Differences were significant between N/Y – 45-64 (p=0.0008); N/Y – >65 (p=0.0005); N/Y – >80 (p=0.0001); 19- 44 – 0-18 (p=0.0351); 19-44 – 45-64 (p=0.0064); 19-44 – >65 (p=0.0028); 19-44 – >80 (p=0.0001).

Conclusions. 1) Studies regarding ML-SP were analyzed from the first publications posted by PubMed until the end of 2018, for a period of 69 years. 2) ML-SP studies, although not very numerous (154), have increased numerically over time, the most being registered in 2017. 3) Most studies were performed on human subjects of both genders, between the ages 19-44 years. 4) This study shows that there is a growing interest in studies related to the ML-SP relationship, but further research is required in order to extend this topic.

Key words: music listening, sport, PubMed filters, PubMed sub-filters.