Authors: Ruxandra Roșescu1, Roxana Maria Martin-Hadmaș2, Monica Tarcea2
1Emergency Clinical Hospital for Children, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2Department of Community Nutrition and Food Safety, “George Emil Palade” University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Technology from Targu-Mures, Romania
Background. Physical activity is one of the essential pillars of a healthy lifestyle and one of the important tools that can significantly improve general health condition. Constant exercise favorably influences 7 out of 10 most common chronic diseases.
Aims. The aim of the study was to analyze the associations between anthropometric data, physical activity, blood pressure and the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) in a group of Romanian adults.
Methods. The present research represents a cross-sectional observational pilot study, which includes a group of 95 subjects from Argeș County. The study was conducted between May and June 2019. We calculated the FINDRISC score to estimate the risk of patients to develop diabetes in the next 10 years using 2 different validated questionnaires, focused on lifestyle aspects and nutritional status.
Results. In our study, FINDRISC was significantly associated with waist circumference, waist/hip ratio and body mass index. No correlations were found with subjects’ interest for health, physical activity and rest. However, we noticed that patients who spend more time resting weekly have a lower FINDRISC and subjects who rarely exercise have a higher FINDRISC.
Conclusions. There was a link between abdominal circumference, abdomen / hip ratio, BMI and age, blood pressure and FINDRISC score. Our study proves the importance of a healthy lifestyle, BMI and blood pressure for preventing cardiovascular and metabolic diseases such as diabetes.
Key words: Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC), diabetes, physical activity, lifestyle, blood pressure09-rosescu174-178