Obesity, exercise, and health

Authors: Oana-Cristina Cînpeanu1, Maria Sălcudean-Czinege2, Monica Tarcea2

1“Dr. Gheorghe Marinescu” County Hospital, Târnăveni, Romania
2Department of Community Nutrition and Food Safety, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Technology, Târgu Mureș, Romania

Obesity has become an epidemic reality, which must be controlled by all means, given the dramatic consequences on public health, by increasing and developing metabolic risks (type 2 diabetes, gout, dyslipidemia, hypertension), the risk of cardiovas¬cular disease, cancer or psycho-emotional disorders (anxiety, depression, loss of self-esteem). Most research and interventions have initially focused on the adult population, but at present, child obesity has devastating effects on children’s and adult’s health, drastically increasing the risk of developing associated chronic diseases.
In order to optimize the services in wellness centers, modern technologies for screening the levels of health, nutrition, fitness and lifestyle characteristics are required to develop personalized programs. We recommend the usage of educational and physical applications and also internet programs, to be practical tools focused on the physical part of wellness. Wellness incorporates factors such as proper fitness exercises, personalized diet, stress management, psychological balance, disease pre¬vention, no smoking or alcohol abuse, personal safety, regular physical examination, and health education.
Prevention programs should start early in life and be personalized at some point, in order to have good results. It is certain that overweight can be managed with proper and regular exercise along with a healthy lifestyle and diet, managed by an inter¬disciplinary team.

Key words: obesity, exercise, diet, wellness


Obesity, exercise, and health