Authors: Dan Alexandru Szabo, Vlad Cartala, Nicolae Neagu
George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology, Târgu Mureş, Romania
Background. Research into human movement dysfunction is receiving increasing attention as the proportion of older adults and the number of obese people in the world’s population continues to rise. Compared to the other joints in the lower limb, the knee joint is very delicate and susceptible to injury. Knee deficits are a prevalent physical ailment that substantially influences the day-to-day functionality and emotional welfare of those who suffer from them. Supporting the body weight, helping maintain lower limb balance, and absorbing shock while the body is in motion are the primary factors contributing to these deficits. Movement biomechanics is an essential subfield of biomechanics that investigates how bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons coordinate with one another throughout different types of human movement.
Aims. The purpose of this review is to devise and investigate novel approaches to the use of mobile devices in knee rehabilitation. This research investigates how mobile devices like smartphones and tablets are used in rehabilitation. Our primary emphasis will be on mobile applications that provide individualized workouts, continuous monitoring, and immediate feedback to patients.
Conclusions. Undoubtedly, the technology will continue to develop and grow over time and be integrated with many other electronic health systems and devices. As a direct consequence of this advancement, physiotherapists will have more opportunities to assist in designing and developing exoskeletons that may be used throughout rehabilitation.
Keywords: new technologies, rehabilitation, knee, pathologies.