Authors: Nikolaos Mavritsakis1, Tudor-Valentin Mîrza2, Camelia-Manuela Mîrza3, Ovidiu Dragoş1, Nicolae Horaţiu Pop4
1 1 Decembrie 1918 University, Dept. of Physical Education and Sports, Alba-Iulia, Romania
2 National Institute of Public Health – Regional Center of Public Health Cluj, Romania
3 Dept. of Functional Sciences, Pathophysiology, Iuliu Haţieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
4 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
The increasing number of elderly population represents a current demographic phenomenon due to enhancing morbidity and the reduction of mortality in older ages, demographic decline through decreasing birth rates, increasing mortality in younger ages, migration of young population, progress in the medical field and social care, improving the standard of living.
The increase in life expectancy over the last decades is associated with the increasing number of elderly population. In turn, life expectancy is determined by the public health system and the medical services provided to the population, the individual lifestyle, the economic, social, cultural and political context, as well as the environment.
The COVID-19 pandemic has a negative effect on life expectancy through direct or indirect increase of the mortality of the population, as well as a negative impact on the birth rate and the increased vulnerability of geriatric population.
Key words: aging, health, life expectancy, mortality, morbidity, COVID-19.