Authors: Florin Ovidiu Fugaru1, Adina Kamal2, Diana Kamal3, Diana Trașcă4, Kamal Constantin Kamal5, Magdalena Rodica Trăistaru6
1 PhD Student, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania
2 Department of Clinical Nursing-Internal Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova,
3 Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Sama Medical Center, Craiova, Romania
4 Department of Internal Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania
5 Department of Family Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania
6 Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova,
There are a multitude and variety of treatment options available for patients with knee osteoarthritis, which can be overwhelming for rehabilitation and physiotherapy healthcare professionals.
The basis of the 2020 review of rehabilitation in KOA patients was performed by our team selecting systematic reviews from Medline via Ovid, PubMed, CINAHL and Google Scholar in regard to trends and recommendations in rehabilitation / physical therapy programs in people diagnosed with KOA.
In our descriptive research, we used combinations of “osteoarthritis” and “knee”, “rehabilitation” “physical therapy”, “exercises”, “kinetic program”, “balneotherapy”, yielding a total of 965 publications. This was reduced to just 62 papers after the removal of publications dealing with clinical trials, imaging, biomechanics, biomarkers and genetics, medications, knee replacement, which are dealt with elsewhere in this rich medical literature.
The objective of our study is to assess and review the effectiveness of current available rehabilitation options for knee osteoarthritis to guide all practitioners in physical medicine and rehabilitation, for ensuring that the care they provide is safe and aligns with best practices.
Key words: knee osteoarthritis, rehabilitation, physical therapy, exercises, kinetic program, balneotherapy.