Obesity and physical activity

Authors: Adriana Albu1,2, Cristina Bidian1,3, Simona Tache1,3, Nikolaos Mavritzakis4



1 “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

2 2nd Dept. of Internal Medicine

3 Dept. of Functional Sciences, Physiology, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

4 “1 Decembrie 1918” University, Dept. of Physical Education and Sports, Alba-Iulia, Romania



Obesity is an important health problem all over the world, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. Obesity related cardiometabolic complications are particularly associated with visceral fat deposition which induces systemic inflammation, insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus. Visceral adiposity increases the risk of hypertension, coronary artery disease and stroke. In athletes, increased body mass index does not reflect precisely fat body content because of increased muscular mass. Therefore, methods that estimate body composition are recommended to estimate nutritional status. Usually, a rigorous body weight control in athletes is required. Abnormally high body fat composition in athletes can lead to pathological complications.


Key words: obesity, visceral fat, physical activity, body fat content.


Obesity and physical activity